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Malformed FrogsThe Collapse of Aquatic Ecosystems$
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Michael Lannoo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520255883

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520255883.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Malformed Frog Types

Malformed Frog Types

(p.21) Two Malformed Frog Types
Malformed Frogs

Michael Lannoo

University of California Press

This chapter present radiographs demonstrating the extensive range of frog malformation types. Malformation types are based on: (1) structures absent or reduced, (2) structures duplicated or multiplied (e.g. multiple hindlimbs), and (3) structures present but otherwise abnormal (e.g., eye position, jaw shape, limb shape, skin color, pigment pattern). The specimens used here were collected from Minnesota, Wisconsin, California, Indiana, and Alaska.

Keywords:   frog malformation, malformation types, multiple hindlimbs, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California, Indiana, Alaska

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