Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Malformed FrogsThe Collapse of Aquatic Ecosystems$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Michael Lannoo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520255883

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520255883.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021



(p.189) Seven Solutions
Malformed Frogs

Michael Lannoo

University of California Press

The strategy taken by most malformed frog researchers seems sound enough both in theory and in practice, and proceeds as follows: (1) develop awareness; (2) identify causes; (3) effect solutions. This chapter illustrates problems with this approach, suggesting that the priority of the malformed frog investigation has been to identify and promote causes of malformations. It argues that in following the logical flow, there is no need to know the cause in great detail in order to achieve a solution. The chapter offers the following solutions to reduce or eliminate most causes of amphibian malformations: install non-agricultural vegetative buffers, reduce the overuse of both fertilizers and pesticides, fence off wetlands that need not be used by cattle, and install and maintain septic systems. While it is the job of science to lead the way in showing how to solve the malformed frog problem, the solutions themselves must come from a willing society.

Keywords:   malformed frog, causes, solutions, vegetative buffers, fertilizers, pesticides

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.