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Lizards in an Evolutionary TreeEcology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles$
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Jonathan Losos

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520255913

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520255913.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Evolutionary Biology as a Historical Science

Evolutionary Biology as a Historical Science

(p.1) 1 Evolutionary Biology as a Historical Science
Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree

Jonathan B. Losos

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the role of evolutionary biology as a historical science, and attempts to understand how and why evolutionary diversification has occurred. It is important to know what processes occurred in the past and how these they shaped the diversity we see today. Depending on the quality of the historical record, we can infer, with a greater or lesser degree of confidence, what happened. Historical analysis (either examination of fossils or phylogenetic inference) can investigate the evolutionary history of a group, or whether evolutionary diversification has occurred.

Keywords:   evolutionary biology, historical science, evolutionary diversification, fossils, phylogenetic inference, evolutionary history

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