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Lizards in an Evolutionary TreeEcology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles$
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Jonathan Losos

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520255913

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520255913.001.0001

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Five Anole Faunas, Part Two

Five Anole Faunas, Part Two

The Other Four

(p.58) (p.59) 4 Five Anole Faunas, Part Two
Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree

Jonathan B. Losos

University of California Press

This chapter introduces the unique (or non-ecomorph) anoles of the Greater Antilles, and the anoles of the smaller islands of the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, and Central America. It begins by describing the Greater Antillean unique anoles, which include the false chameleons of Cuba; Anolis barbouri, the only truly terrestrial West Indian anole; the Cuban Anolis vermiculatus and the Haitian Anolis eugenegrahami, two species that are only found near streams; Anolis bartschi, a dewlapless species found in Western Cuba; and Anolis lucius, a species with transparent scales on its eyelids. The chapter then discusses species–area relationships, faunal relaxation, and ecomorphology of anoles found in smaller islands of the Greater Antilles. The Lesser Antillean islands contain at most two anole species, and no relationship exists between island area and number of species. Finally, the chapter describes the anoles of Central and South America, or the “mainland anoles.”

Keywords:   non-ecomorph anoles, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Central America, unique anoles, faunal relaxation, ecomorphology, mainland anoles

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