Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 October 2019

Tectonics and Geomorphology of Africa during the Phanerozoic

Tectonics and Geomorphology of Africa during the Phanerozoic

Chapter:
(p.2) (p.3) One Tectonics and Geomorphology of Africa during the Phanerozoic
Source:
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa
Author(s):

Timothy C. Partridge

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0001

The Cenozoic evolution of Africa cannot be comprehended satisfactorily without reference to the early history of the Gondwana supercontinent and the events that occurred during and following its fragmentation. Gondwana first formed during the Neoproterozoic Pan-African-Brazilian orogeny (720–580 million years ago (Ma)). The closing of the Paleotethys gulf during the collision of Laurasia with Gondwana in the late Palaeozoic completed the growth phase. The volcanism that preceded rifting along both coasts of southern Africa had one particularly important consequence: a combination of thermal effects and magmatic underplating created a high “rim bulge” that resulted in the presence of significant coastal escarpments when separation occurred. This chapter discusses the impact of plate tectonics on Africa during the Phanerozoic. It chronicles the closing of the Neotethys to form the Mediterranean Sea when Arabia and Asia collided between 16.5 and 15 Ma. It also discusses the East African Rift System and its importance for paleontology, macroscale geomorphic evolution during the Cenozoic, African geomorphology and the African Surface, and the deserts of Africa.

Keywords:   Africa, Phanerozoic, plate tectonics, deserts, geomorphology, African Surface, Gondwana, Cenozoic, volcanism, East African Rift System

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.