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Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
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Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 January 2022

Paleogene Anthropoids

Paleogene Anthropoids

(p.369) Twenty-Two Paleogene Anthropoids
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Erik R. Seiffert

Elwyn L. Simons

John G. Fleagle

Marc Godinot

University of California Press

Anthropoid primates were among the most common members of Afro-Arabian mammal faunas during the late Paleogene, and they may have been present on that landmass as early as the late Paleocene. Specialists continue to debate the role of Asia in early anthropoid diversification, and whether stem anthropoids originated in Asia or Afro-Arabia, but the African record provides the oldest purported anthropoid, the most continuous record of early anthropoids, and the greatest diversity of anthropoid taxa. Significantly, some early anthropoids from Africa are known from relatively complete cranial, and in some cases postcranial, remains, making identification of their anthropoid status more secure. This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Paleogene anthropoids and also looks at late Eocene and early Oligocene anthropoids, among which three divergent clades can be identified: Parapithecoidea, Proteopithecidae, and Catarrhini.

Keywords:   Catarrhini, paleontology, Paleogene, anthropoids, Parapithecoidea, Proteopithecidae, primates, Eocene, Oligocene, Africa

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