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Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
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Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 May 2022

Dendropithecoidea, Proconsuloidea, and Hominoidea

Dendropithecoidea, Proconsuloidea, and Hominoidea

(p.429) Twenty-Four Dendropithecoidea, Proconsuloidea, and Hominoidea
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Terry Harrison

University of California Press

Catarrhine primates of modern aspect closely related to extant hominoids and cercopithecoids originated in Afro-Arabia during the late Oligocene. These taxa share key derived features with extant catarrhines, such as a tubular ectotympanic and loss of the entepicondylar foramen of the distal humerus. Such features are not found in primitive catarrhines, such as propliopithecids from the early Oligocene of Egypt and Oman or pliopithecids from the Miocene of Eurasia, which primitively retain an annular ectotympanic and/or an entepicondylar foramen. Three superfamilies of non-cercopithecoid catarrhines are recognized in Africa from the late Oligocene onward: Dendropithecoidea, Proconsuloidea, and Hominoidea. The Dendropithecoidea contains a single family of three closely related genera: Micropithecus, Dendropithecus, and Simiolus. They are all relatively small catarrhines, with primitive dental and postcranial features that indicate that they are the sister taxon to Proconsuloidea + (Hominoidea + Cercopithecoidea). This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Dendropithecoidea, Proconsuloidea, and Hominoidea.

Keywords:   Dendropithecoidea, Proconsuloidea, Hominoidea, paleontology, catarrhines, Africa, Oligocene, Micropithecus, Dendropithecus, Simiolus

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