Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 May 2022



(p.471) Twenty-Five Hominini
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Laura M. Maclatchy

Jeremy Desilva

William J. Sanders

Bernard Wood

University of California Press

The late Miocene-Pliocene emergence of the Hominini coincides with considerable mammalian faunal turnover in Africa, including the endemic radiation of groups such as ruminants, suids, and cercopithecids; the first appearance through immigration of taxa such as Equus and Giraffa; the demise of previously successful groups such as anthracotheres; and, overall, an increased representation of taxa adapted to more open savanna-mosaic environments. Most, if not all, of the major taxonomic events for the tribe occur in Africa, including the emergence of our own species. Only two hominin species (from one eurytopic genus) are found entirely outside Africa (Homo neanderthalensis and Homo floresiensis), and all hominins are restricted to the continent until just under two million years ago. The principal adaptive changes of the tribe also occur in Africa. Early hominins are distinguished by a suite of postcranial features showing reliance on terrestrial bipedalism. By the late Pliocene (and possibly sooner), these adaptations gave hominins one of the most efficient forms of locomotion of all mammals. This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Hominini.

Keywords:   Hominini, paleontology, Africa, hominins, bipedalism, Pliocene, Homo neanderthalensis, Homo floresiensis

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.