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Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
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Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2019

Rhinocerotidae

Rhinocerotidae

Chapter:
(p.669) Thirty-Four Rhinocerotidae
Source:
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa
Author(s):

Denis Geraads

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0034

Among the Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae have traditionally been allied with tapirs because they lack a mesostyle, even though other primitive perissodactyls may also lack it. The most parsimonious recent cladistic analyses, using no less than 282 characters, unite under the Rhinocerotini (which includes the bulk of the Rhinocerotinae) as an unresolved trichotomy, the Teleoceratina (Old and New World brachypotheres), the Aceratheriina (Old World aceratheres and related forms), and the Rhinocerotina (non-elasmothere Old World horned rhinos); the Elasmotheriini are the sister group of the Rhinocerotinae. There are five living species, all of them seriously threatened or even close to extinction: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, found in Sumatra and the Malaysian peninsula; Rhinoceros sondaicus, R. unicornis, also from southeastern Asia; Ceratotheriumsimum; and Diceros bicornis. Some morphological cladistic analysis and mitochondrial gene sequencing suggests that, among living forms, African rhinos are the sister group of Dicerorhinus + Rhinoceros. This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Rhinocerotidae.

Keywords:   Rhinocerotidae, paleontology, tapirs, perissodactyls, Rhinocerotini, Teleoceratina, Aceratheriina, Rhinocerotina, rhinos, Rhinoceros

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