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Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
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Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

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(p.723) Thirty-Six Tragulidae
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Denis Geraads

University of California Press

Present-day tragulids are small ruminants restricted to some humid environments of the Old World intertropical zone. They had a wider distribution in the past, with a good record in the European, East African, and southern Asian Miocene. There are five living species, only one of them, Hyemoschus aquaticus, being African. Moschiola, with at least three species, lives in Sri Lanka and India, and the two species of Tragulus, T. javanicus, and T. napu, in Southeast Asia. The question of their relationships has never been addressed in detail, but Moschiola is usually associated with Tragulus, M. meminna being often considered a species of the latter, mainly on the basis of metacarpal fusion. Besides the living genera, tragulids include Dorcabune and Siamotragulus from the Miocene of southern Asia, and the more widespread Dorcatherium, the only genus to have been reported from Africa. This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Tragulidae.

Keywords:   Africa, paleontology, Tragulidae, tragulids, Miocene, Hyemoschus aquaticus, Moschiola, Tragulus, Dorcabune, Siamotragulus

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