Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2019

Pecora Incertae Sedis

Pecora Incertae Sedis

Chapter:
(p.731) Thirty-Seven Pecora Incertae Sedis
Source:
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa
Author(s):

Susanne M. Cote

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0037

The Ruminantia is commonly divided into two infraorders: the Tragulina and the Pecora. Pecoran monophyly is well accepted with five modern families: the Giraffidae, Bovidae, Moschidae (musk deer in Asia), Antilocapridae (pronghorns of North America), and Cervidae (deer). These are commonly placed in three superfamilies: Bovoidea, Cervoidea, and Giraffoidea. Of modern pecorans, only the Bovidae and Giraffidae are widespread in Africa (cervids dispersed into North Africa in the early late Pleistocene. In the African Miocene, there are several named taxa of pecoran ruminants that are not easily assigned to the modern families or superfamilies. Morphological analyses have often suggested a close relationship between the Bovidae and Giraffidae, and the position of the Moschidae has been particularly controversial. There is a growing consensus from molecular data and new “supertree” analyses that Bovidae and Cervidae together are the sister group of the Giraffidae. In addition to the living families of ruminants, there are numerous names given to extinct alleged families of both the infraorders Tragulina and Pecora, largely from Eurasia. This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Pecora incertae sedis.

Keywords:   Africa, paleontology, Pecora, Ruminantia, Tragulina, deer, Bovoidea, Cervoidea, Giraffoidea, ruminants

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.