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Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
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Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2019

A Review of the Cenozoic Vegetation History of Africa

A Review of the Cenozoic Vegetation History of Africa

Chapter:
(p.57) Five A Review of the Cenozoic Vegetation History of Africa
Source:
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa
Author(s):

Bonnie F. Jacobs

Aaron D. Pan

Christopher R. Scotese

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0005

Mangrove vegetation related to the modern tropical Asian palm, Nypa, was present along Africa's coasts at low latitudes in the Paleocene and Eocene, and pollen evidence of other palms is common. This chapter reviews and interprets the paleobotany and paleogeography of Africa during the Cenozoic. It presents a dynamic view of changes in plant communities and ecosystems through time, so that the evolutionary and biogeographic history of Cenozoic African mammals can be considered in the context of the communities to which they belonged. To facilitate this goal, the chapter explores environmental change in the context of major physiographic change such as graben formation associated with rifting in East Africa, and shows paleobotanical sites in their correct position on paleogeographic maps. A common challenge to providing a floral context for the mammalian fossil record stems from the fossilization process itself. The circumstances in which bones and plants become fossils are not often the same, and consequently they are rarely found together.

Keywords:   Cenozoic, vegetation, Africa, fossils, Paleocene, Eocene, paleobotany, paleogeography, mammals, plant communities

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