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Cenozoic Mammals of Africa$
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Lars Werdelin

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257214

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 October 2019

Marsupialia

Marsupialia

Chapter:
(p.76) (p.77) Six Marsupialia
Source:
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa
Author(s):

Gregg F. Gunnell

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0006

The fossil record of pouched mammals (cohort Marsupialia) in Africa is extremely limited, although it could be relatively ancient if a tooth described as a marsupial from the Cretaceous of Madagascar truly represents the cohort. Crochet (1984) suggested that the African radiation of marsupials must have extended into the Turonian (late Cretaceous), but there is no fossil evidence outside of the Madagascar tooth to lend support to this contention. The Cenozoic record of African marsupials is nearly as limited as that of the Mesozoic. Proposed records include samples from the North African early Eocene (Tunisia and Algeria), late Eocene (Egypt), early Oligocene (Egypt), and from the Arabian peninsula, early Oligocene (Oman). The only confirmed occurrence of a marsupial in the African Cenozoic is that of Peratherium africanum from Quarry M in the Jebel Qatrani Formation, Fayum Depression, Egypt. This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Marsupialia.

Keywords:   Peratherium africanum, pouched mammals, Marsupialia, Africa, marsupials, Cenozoic, Egypt, Eocene, Oligocene, paleontology

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