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The Two Eyes of the Earth – Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran - California Scholarship Online
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The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran

Matthew Canepa


This study examines a pivotal period in the history of Europe and the Near East. Spanning the ancient and medieval worlds, it investigates the shared ideal of sacred kingship that emerged in the late Roman and Persian empires. This shared ideal, while often generating conflict during the four centuries of the empires' coexistence (224–642), also drove exchange, especially the means and methods Roman and Persian sovereigns used to project their notions of universal rule—elaborate systems of ritual and their cultures' visual, architectural, and urban environments. The book explores the artistic, ... More

Keywords: Iran, sacred kingship, Rome, Sasanian dynasty, Islam, cross-cultural exchange, medieval Europe, Byzantium, South Asia, China

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2010 Print ISBN-13: 9780520257276
Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257276.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Matthew Canepa, author