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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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Dynamic Ideas and Faded Model Images

Dynamic Ideas and Faded Model Images

30 Dynamic Ideas and Faded Model Images
What Is Medicine?

Paul U. Unschuld

University of California Press

The new medicines in both Greece and China took their model images from their creators' living environments. This new medicine had an idea of the body, but the model image for it was not the body itself, at least not for the fundamental assumption that if certain things happen inside the body, a person will be healthy or get sick. The body says nothing about the organism. It is the task of X (soul) to ultimately clarify what the body is and how the organism functions in this body. The polis democracies soon ceased to exist and by the fourth century, their era had passed. They had provided the model image for the idea of the organism in the new medicine. The great variety of therapeutic systems has its origin not only in the fact that various groups with different worldviews live together in the same society, but it has also developed through the tenacity of idea systems that, once introduced, separated from their model image and survived on their own.

Keywords:   new medicine, polis democracies, model images, society's transition, new worldview, therapeutic systems

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