Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

The Hour of the Dissectors

The Hour of the Dissectors

31 The Hour of the Dissectors
What Is Medicine?

Paul U. Unschuld

University of California Press

The great empire of Alexander broke apart into four kingdoms after his death in 323 bc. This chapter examines only Alexandria, a center of Greek learning and knowledge. The change in the environment immediately made itself obvious such as there was a man named Herophilus of Chalcedon, to whom later ancient authors attributed a very active interest in anatomical studies. He came close to reality and forged further ahead than anyone before him. He conducted postmortem examinations, looking at the brain, eyes, digestive organs, and vessels. He observed the female and male sexual organs with interest. Another contemporary, Erasistratus of Julis on Chios, had a special interest in the nerves and vessels. He searched for the transport paths for pneuma throughout the organism. He compared living bodies and corpses that brought him quite close to reality. Alexandria rapidly became a true center of world trade, where much money, wealth, and power assembled.

Keywords:   Greek learning, anatomical studies, postmortem examinations, transport paths, living bodies, corpses

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.