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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 20 October 2019

Head and Limbs

Head and Limbs

Chapter:
35 Head and Limbs
Source:
What Is Medicine?
Author(s):

Paul U. Unschuld

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0035

This chapter focuses on the expansion of the Roman Empire that produced a totally different outcome. Rome annexed lands that previously lay outside of its own cultural inheritance. Ethnic and cultural differences thus remained under the rule of Rome. The sense of exchange among equal, individual parts that had emerged in China after unification never came into being in Rome. Asclepiades and his followers saw the model image in the basic structures of the Roman Empire and they projected it onto their image of the healthy and sick body. It was the political and economic reality, not the expressive power of the human organism that was the impulse for their thoughts. Themison of Laodicea and others founded the school of the Methodists. They now dominated therapeutics theory and possessed two further advantages. One of the advantages was that the doctrine was simple. Asclepiades was not interested in hidden causes and he wanted nothing to do with anatomy. He was completely opposed to the interpretation of life processes. Another was that the therapy was congenial and convincing.

Keywords:   Roman Empire, cultural inheritance, human organism, school of the Methodists, therapeutics theory, life processes

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