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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Galen of Pergamon: Collector in All Worlds

Galen of Pergamon: Collector in All Worlds

Chapter:
38 Galen of Pergamon: Collector in All Worlds
Source:
What Is Medicine?
Author(s):

Paul U. Unschuld

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0038

Galen worked out the insights from his experiments using set pieces from earlier attempts at interpretations, some of them dating back to the Greek era, and added his own conclusions. There exist his views on the source, flow, and function of blood. Galen had received a comprehensive education in Greek philosophy and medicine before he went to Rome aged about thirty. The Roman Empire incorporated things from various other cultures so Galen collected ideas here and there and put them all together in his own system. The pharmacy in Galen's system found a theoretical grounding for the first time. Galen created the first pharmacology in the history of medicine. The pharmaceutical substances made from natural plants, roots, rinds, blossoms, and leaves, and certain animal products, already had a long history behind them. No effort had yet been made to bring the knowledge of the therapeutic effects of the natural drugs into harmony with the four humors doctrine that had already been passed down.

Keywords:   Greek era, Greek philosophy, Roman Empire, pharmaceutical substances, animal products, natural drugs, four humors

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