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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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The Authority of Distant Antiquity

The Authority of Distant Antiquity

45 The Authority of Distant Antiquity
What Is Medicine?

Paul U. Unschuld

University of California Press

This chapter provides an overview on a new world view, Neo-Confucianism, developed by philosophers of that era. This view of human society and of nature offered itself as a new model image for medicine. Neo-Confucianism significantly affected medicine but the effects remained superficial. They joined Confucian-Legalistic medicine with the system of pharmacy that had been established under Daoism. The image from the classic Yellow Thearch in the Han era was once again clearly reaffirmed in the Song era. Confucianism was expanded and newly interpreted yet progress always cited the supposed or real authorities of distant antiquity that the new views were made to resemble. Physicians found a real authority from the Han era to whom they could trace their innovations. The innovations were not only due to the changed social philosophy but marginal structural changes might also have made a contribution.

Keywords:   Neo-Confucianism, human society, medicine nature, Confucian-Legalistic medicine, pharmacy, Daoism

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