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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Zhang Ji's Belated Honors

Zhang Ji's Belated Honors

Chapter:
46 Zhang Ji's Belated Honors
Source:
What Is Medicine?
Author(s):

Paul U. Unschuld

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0046

The Chinese government opened state apothecaries and published prescription books in the eleventh century. These were set up so that the educated patient could find his symptoms indexed in a table with the indications for the prescriptions. He could then go to an apothecary and buy the medicine. Confucians concerned about morality believed that the profession of the physician was burdensome. Zhang Ji, who in 200 ad had taken steps to create a scientific pharmacology and was then largely ignored for a thousand years, now arrived at unhoped-for honors. Zhang Ji was the ancient authority whose ideas could be continued from where he had left off. Many authors created all kinds of models of how to integrate pharmacy into the doctrines of yin-yang and the five agents. The new insights into the processes in the organism offered new possibilities to explain better the effects of pharmaceutics in this same organism.

Keywords:   scientific pharmacology, pharmacy, doctrines of yin-yang, pharmaceutics, medical philosophy, political philosophy

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