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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 27 June 2022

The Diagnosis Game

The Diagnosis Game

48 The Diagnosis Game
What Is Medicine?

Paul U. Unschuld

University of California Press

This chapter focuses on the importance of looking past the external symptoms of a sick person in order to diagnose the underlying disease. Each disease is different and a disease does not necessarily always express itself with the same symptom. Only the physician can “see” the details of the individual illness inside the body. Physicians “see” something that the pharmacist and patients do not see. The preparation of the physicians' task involved creating pharmacology. They finally incorporated the properties of pharmaceutics into the same theoretical framework that had already included the body functions for over a thousand years. Then, they claimed for the physician an exclusive ability to determine the individual condition of the patient by looking into the body through diagnosis. Finally, they claimed the ability to compile great and effective prescriptions for the condition of each individual patient through the linking of their diagnostic and pharmacologic knowledge.

Keywords:   external symptoms, pharmacology, pharmaceutics, Chinese traditional medicine, diagnosis

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