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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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The Variety of Therapeutics

The Variety of Therapeutics

52 The Variety of Therapeutics
What Is Medicine?

Paul U. Unschuld

University of California Press

This chapter provides detailed information on the variety of therapeutics available over the years. The influence of the Christian worldview had already been encouraging a religious healing for centuries. The Scholastics made an attempt to unite Christian teachings and ancient philosophy. The anatomists conducted autopsies but with their view into the corpse, they sought the confirmation of the meager knowledge taken by Mondino from an anatomically insignificant text of Galen's and from his own experience. The situation in the Greek cultural domain led to the development of the polis democracy. The ideal structure of the societal organism offered insights into the structure of the body. The initial situation in China was similar. From the sociopolitical upheavals and social philosophies of the fourth to second centuries bc, two opposing traditions emerged, each with its own view of the body. The two basic directions of thought were clear and understandable.

Keywords:   therapeutics, Christian teachings, Greek cultural domain, polis democracy, social philosophies

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