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What Is Medicine?Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing$
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Paul Unschuld

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520257658

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001

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Traditional Medicine in the PRC: Faith in Science

Traditional Medicine in the PRC: Faith in Science

Chapter:
84 Traditional Medicine in the PRC: Faith in Science
Source:
What Is Medicine?
Author(s):

Paul U. Unschuld

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0084

With the victory of the People's Liberation Army and the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, Marxists made a decision about the future of medicine, adapted to the situation in China according to the thoughts of Mao. Memories of the old doctrines of yin-yang and the five agents were relativized as attempts of the ancestors to master the powers of nature with materialistic thinking. These were primitive attempts, but still attempts to leave behind the numinous and metaphysical, and to open the world to materialism. It is touted that whatever science cannot explain today, it will explain in the years to come. As a result, the old, typically Chinese inductive thinking has been exchanged for modern logic, the Western way of thinking.

Keywords:   People's Liberation Army, People's Republic of China, medicine, future, science

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