This chapter focuses on three overarching points of concern to students and advocates of migrant rights. U.S. foreign policy has contradictory global effects on migrants. Rather than curbing unauthorized entry, the erection of heightened security barriers around U.S. borders has only deflected immigrants into the grip of smugglers. It highlights draconian U.S. foreign and immigration policies under which migrants seek to cross borders. Restrictionist immigration and border control policies find a compatible and effective accomplice in the free-market restructuring of various countries' economies, which has increased rates of female poverty and with it, heightened women's vulnerability to the tactics of slavers posing as labor recruiters. Post-9/11 U.S. government actions have extensive precedents and deep historical roots and the measures taken in the name of U.S. national security after 9/11 have significantly worsened the picture.
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