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International Migration and Human RightsThe Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy$
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Samuel Martinez

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520258211

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520258211.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 03 June 2020

The Treatment of Noncitizens after September 11 in Historical Context

The Treatment of Noncitizens after September 11 in Historical Context

(p.63) 3. The Treatment of Noncitizens after September 11 in Historical Context
International Migration and Human Rights

Samuel Martínez

University of California Press

This chapter sheds light on important continuities and changes in the ways in which the United States (U.S.) has treated its noncitizen residents in times of perceived threats to national security. Specifically, it compares the federal government's response to the events of September 11, 2001, with the Red Scare of the 1920s and the internment of Japanese Americans during the Second World War. It not only draws the parallels between now and then but also finds links between the government's actions that followed September 11 and how the United States treated its noncitizens and descendants of immigrants in other periods. The U.S. government's targeting of selected immigrant groups, post-9/11, is not just similar to its persecution of aliens at earlier moments of crisis. It is in some ways directly the heir to the legislation, judicial precedents, and social trends of those earlier times. This study discusses questions concerning what explanations and insights can be gained by examining this historical relationship and possible courses of action for the future.

Keywords:   noncitizens, September 11, national security, federal government, immigrant groups

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