This chapter introduces the problem of biological design of teleology. It provides a brief historical and philosophical background of teleological explanations and argues that only through history can one understand how a naturalistic, mechanistic theory of natural selection came to be associated with the design metaphor. The chapter highlights the main goals of the book, most particularly how Cuvier's principle can be used to help resolve some of the most troublesome conceptual issues in evolutionary biology today, including the proper definition of fitness, adaptation, and natural selection.
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