Biogeography is a naturally integrative field of study that helps explore data on the diversity, phylogeny, and distribution of organisms to reveal the biological and geographical history of Earth. This book aims to establish comparative biogeography, a method that uses the naturally hierarchical phylogenetic relationships of clades to discover the biotic area relationships among local and global biogeographic regions. It details the foundations of comparative biogeography and how they relate to two types of biogeographic investigation: systematic biogeography and evolutionary biogeography. The book reviews current methods of biogeography, especially with regard to how they relate to the goal of biotic area classification; addresses the relationship between geology and biological distribution; and attempts to discover what triggers evolution of biodiversity and distribution patterns.
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