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Comparative BiogeographyDiscovering and Classifying Biogeographical Patterns of a Dynamic Earth$
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Lynne Parenti

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520259454

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520259454.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 29 May 2020

Building Blocks of Biogeography: Endemic Areas and Areas of Endemism

Building Blocks of Biogeography: Endemic Areas and Areas of Endemism

Chapter:
(p.53) Three Building Blocks of Biogeography: Endemic Areas and Areas of Endemism
Source:
Comparative Biogeography
Author(s):

Lynne R. Parenti

Malte C. Ebach

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520259454.003.0003

This chapter discusses the role of the concept of endemism in biogeography and biodiversity investigations. Endemic areas are the building blocks of biogeography; relationships among them form the basis of biogeographical classification. This classification is a hierarchy incorporating increasingly encompassing areas, such as districts, regions, and realms, which form biotic areas. The concept of an endemic area, the area occupied by a lineage through time, is related to an area of endemism, an area occupied by at least two purportedly monophyletic taxa—at least two, because an area occupied by just one taxon will have no history shared with any other area.

Keywords:   endemism, biogeography, biodiversity, endemic areas, monophyletic taxa

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