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Comparative BiogeographyDiscovering and Classifying Biogeographical Patterns of a Dynamic Earth$
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Lynne Parenti

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780520259454

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520259454.001.0001

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Implementing Principlesbiogeography of the Pacific

Implementing Principlesbiogeography of the Pacific

(p.213) Nine Implementing Principlesbiogeography of the Pacific
Comparative Biogeography

Lynne R. Parenti

Malte C. Ebach

University of California Press

This chapter explores the complex biogeography of the Pacific to implement a comparative biogeographic method, demonstrating the power of biogeography to discover and interpret natural patterns. Complex relationships among the marine and terrestrial biota of the Indo-West Pacific include information about area homology. To implement a comparative biogeographic method, areas of endemism in and around the Pacific are identified for an array of taxa, combined with geological limits and features through time. Phylogenetic analyses of taxa in areas of endemism form the raw data of area relationships. The chapter proposes area homologs and combines them into an area classification or general pattern, and relates Pacific patterns to global patterns.

Keywords:   Pacific, comparative biogeographic method, biogeography, Indo-West Pacific, area homology, endemism, area homologs

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