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Eastern Christians in Anthropological Perspective$
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Chris Hann and Hermann Goltz

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520260559

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520260559.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Monasteries, Politics, and Social Memory

Monasteries, Politics, and Social Memory

The Revival of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch in Syria during the Twentieth Century

Chapter:
(p.177) 7 Monasteries, Politics, and Social Memory
Source:
Eastern Christians in Anthropological Perspective
Author(s):

Chris Hann

Hermann Goltz

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520260559.003.0008

This chapter analyzes the present political position of the Greek Orthodox Church in the Syrian sociopolitical context, with particular attention to the monastic revival of the last thirty years, during which the Syrian government has encouraged the Greek Orthodox Church to acquire and develop new lands. The Greek Orthodox Church is clearly subordinate to the power of Damascus. How has its patriarch succeeded in reconciling this profane subordination with a mission of monastic revival? The chapter focuses firstly on the historical commitments of the church to pan-Arabism and shows why it was not able to be more politically engaged in the past. Secondly, it outlines the reconstruction of the church during the twentieth century and shows how monasticism, which represents a kind of authentic tradition, has been constitutive for the entire community. Finally, it inquires into the further implications of this religious phenomenon for relationships between the Greek Orthodox community and the Syrian state.

Keywords:   Orthodox Church of Antioch, Christians, Syria, pan-Arabism, monastic revival

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