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Arab FranceIslam and the Making of Modern Europe, 1798-1831$
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Ian Coller

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520260641

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520260641.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 27 May 2020

Massacre and Restoration

Massacre and Restoration

Chapter:
(p.121) 5 Massacre and Restoration
Source:
Arab France
Author(s):

Ian Coller

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520260641.003.0006

The period that unfolded from the beginning of 1814 was an extraordinarily difficult one for many people in France. In April, the military failure of Napoleon Bonaparte's regime became evident, and the emperor abdicated, leaving the way open for Britain's restoration of the Bourbon monarchy. The later months of 1814 saw the initial mise en place of the new Restoration regime under Louis XVIII, governed by a relatively hastily assembled charter whose status—whether it was a true constitution or a benevolent dispensation by the monarch—was never fully clear for the next decade and a half. However, the exile of Napoleon to the island of Elba, intended to minimize the divisions in France, left him in a position to exploit the failure of the monarchy to consolidate its support across the country.

Keywords:   France, Napoleon Bonaparte, Britain, restoration, Bourbon monarchy, Louis XVIII, exile, Elba

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