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Balancing ActsYouth Culture in the Global City$
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Natasha Kumar Warikoo

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520262102

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520262102.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 01 August 2021

Two Types of Racial Discrimination

Two Types of Racial Discrimination

Adult Exclusion and Peer Bullying

(p.73) Chapter 4 Two Types of Racial Discrimination
Balancing Acts

Natasha K. Warikoo

University of California Press

Peer cultures are most prominently about music and style, but they have serious ramifications for adult perceptions of students. Racial stigma within a peer culture has its own ramifications for experiences with racial discrimination. This chapter analyzes second-generation perceptions of racial discrimination in and out of school. Although more than half of Americans report that they have experienced some form of day-to-day discrimination in their lives, all stereotypes and sources of discrimination are not equal. Second-generation Indians report much higher rates of racial discrimination in school than Afro-Caribbeans, which comes not from teachers and the school as an institution, but rather from peers, stemming from Indian students' low peer status. Afro-Caribbeans report high rates of discrimination outside school, from unfamiliar adults, such as shopkeepers, the police, and potential employers, who perceive them as dangerous or delinquent. These findings suggest that if experiences with discrimination in school lead to aversion to it, such aversion should be found among Indians, who are high achievers on both sides of the Atlantic. Afro-Caribbeans' experiences with discrimination outside school are an unlikely explanation for low academic achievement inside it. The very different types of racial stigma for second-generation Indians and Afro-Caribbeans lead to different consequences for status in the peer social world, and also for future opportunities for success in the adult social world.

Keywords:   racial discrimination, adult exclusion, peer bullying, peer status, academic achievement

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