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Holy HarlotsFemininity, Sexuality, and Black Magic in Brazil$
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Kelly Hayes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520262645

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520262645.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Spiritual Defenders and Protectors

Spiritual Defenders and Protectors

(p.141) Chapter 6 Spiritual Defenders and Protectors
Holy Harlots

Kelly E. Hayes

University of California Press

In marked contrast to Maria Nazaré de Souza Oliveira's stories of human treachery, when she spoke of her various spirits it was always in positive terms as her protectors and spiritual guides. In these narratives, the spirits invariably protected Nazaré from those who threatened to harm her or her children, particularly Maria Molambo, who played the role of Nazaré's most important and stalwart safeguard. According to Nazaré, the most acute threat to her well-being came not from an external enemy, but from within her own family: her father and, later, her husband, the very men whose social roles identified them as protectors of women and children. Unlike the ideologically defined image of the benevolent patriarch, these figures appeared in Nazaré's stories as sources of bitter conflicts or humiliating betrayals.

Keywords:   Maria Nazaré de Souza Oliveira, human treachery, spirits, Maria Molambo, enemy, family, betrayals

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