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Archaeologies of ColonialismConsumption, Entanglement, and Violence in Ancient Mediterranean France$
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Michael Dietler

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520265516

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520265516.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 June 2022

The Cup of Gyptis

The Cup of Gyptis

Introduction to a Colonial Encounter

(p.1) 1 The Cup of Gyptis
Archaeologies of Colonialism

Michael Dietler

University of California Press

What was the nature of the encounter between seaborne intruders from distant Mediterranean city-states and the indigenous peoples of western Europe, and how did it affect the historical transformation of these societies? The answer to this question lies at the heart of conceptions of modern European identity, contemporary colonial discourse, and scholarly debates about Euro-American colonialism. This book addresses this ancient question from a new perspective. It demonstrates the curious historical process by which modern consciousness has been “colonized” by the ancient Greeks and Romans and how that colonized perspective has come to color the way archaeologists now understand ancient colonial encounters, including especially that seminal encounter represented by the tale of Gyptis. It argues that the formation of archaeology as a professional practice was a product of the broader colonization of European consciousness that it discusses there—archaeology was born already colonized, as it were. This book explains in detail why the ancient colonial encounter in the western Mediterranean, and Mediterranean France in particular, has come to play a pivotal role in modern European culture and colonial discourse.

Keywords:   Gyptis, Mediterranean France, colonial encounter, colonization, colonialism, culture, archaeology, Europe, European identity, modern consciousness

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