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Archaeologies of ColonialismConsumption, Entanglement, and Violence in Ancient Mediterranean France$
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Michael Dietler

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520265516

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520265516.001.0001

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Trade and Traders

Trade and Traders

(p.131) 5 Trade and Traders
Archaeologies of Colonialism

Michael Dietler

University of California Press

Trade, interspersed with episodes of violence, was the principal form of interaction between indigenous peoples of the Mediterranean region and Etruscans and Greeks. But even after the Roman military intrusion into the region in the late second century B.C.E., trade continued to be a major element of colonial relations and a significant factor in the history of the colonial situation. Cross-cultural trade in Mediterranean France remained for centuries almost entirely in the form of barter. Coinage, although employed for various purposes within Greek settlements, was little used in indigenous contexts until the first century B.C.E., and there were few low value coins in circulation before that period that could have served the needs of small-scale exchanges. This chapter examines the nature of trade and traders in Mediterranean France. It discusses shipwrecks and the nature of maritime trade and traders, trade enclaves and diasporas, the role of settlements located along rivers in several parallel valleys leading inland from the coast of the lower Rhône basin in trade networks as either native emporia or colonial trading posts, and piracy and trade.

Keywords:   Mediterranean France, trade, traders, indigenous peoples, Etruscans, shipwrecks, diasporas, Rhône basin, trade networks, piracy

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