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New PhiladelphiaAn Archaeology of Race in the Heartland$
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Paul Shackel

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520266292

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520266292.001.0001

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Expansion and Decline

Expansion and Decline

(p.16) Chapter 2 Expansion and Decline
New Philadelphia

Paul A. Shackel

University of California Press

Despite the strict 1853 Black Codes, several landowning African American families moved to the outskirts of New Philadelphia and became prominent members of the community. Living in a slave state during the beginning of the American Civil War must have encouraged John Walker to sell his land and livestock. James Washington established his farm close to the New Philadelphia. The 1860 U.S. Federal Census shows that New Philadelphia's town population had increased to about 114 individuals. After the railroad line opened in 1869, people began to slowly move away from New Philadelphia to larger cities and less-developed land west of the Mississippi River. A road sign stood at the site of New Philadelphia beginning in the 1950s, commemorating the multiracial town and the achievements of the McWorter family. It is noted that the history of the town and the development of the multiracial community is an intriguing story.

Keywords:   New Philadelphia, African American, American Civil War, multiracial community, John Walker, James Washington, U.S. Federal Census, Black Codes

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