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New Philadelphia – An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland - California Scholarship Online
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New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Paul Shackel


New Philadelphia, Illinois, was founded in 1836 by Frank McWorter, a Kentucky slave who purchased his own freedom and then acquired land on the prairie for establishing a new—and integrated—community. McWorter sold property to other freed slaves and to whites, and used the proceeds to buy his family out of slavery. The town population reached 160, but declined when the railroad bypassed it. By 1940, New Philadelphia had virtually disappeared from the landscape. This book resurrects McWorter's great achievement of self-determinism, independence, and the will to exist, describing a cooperative e ... More

Keywords: New Philadelphia, Illinois, Frank McWorter, slave, slavery, multi-racial community, population, archaeology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2010 Print ISBN-13: 9780520266292
Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520266292.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Paul Shackel, author