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India and PakistanContinued Conflict or Cooperation?$
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Stanley Wolpert

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520266773

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520266773.001.0001

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(p.xvii) (p.1) Introduction
India and Pakistan

Stanley Wolpert

University of California Press

The only way in which India and Pakistan have remained virtually unchanged after sixty-three years is in their persistent conflict over the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the final tragic legacy of British India's 1947 Partition. More than ten million terrified Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs fled their ancestral homes that August, one million of whom died before reaching safe havens. In May 1998, India and Pakistan each successfully exploded five underground atomic bombs, joining the world's nuclear club. With their capitals and major cities less than ten ballistic missile-minutes from each other, the two countries have become the world's most dangerous match for the potential ignition of a nuclear war that could decimate South Asia and poison every region on Earth. Many proposals and plans have been made to expedite the draft of a road map to peace on which India and Pakistan could finally agree. The UN Security Council's call for a plebiscite was perhaps the best and fairest self-determination solution. That remains Pakistan's preferred solution, but since 1954, it has been completely rejected by India.

Keywords:   India, Pakistan, Partition, Kashmir, nuclear war, conflict, Jammu, South Asia, atomic bombs

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