Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
India and PakistanContinued Conflict or Cooperation?$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Stanley Wolpert

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520266773

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520266773.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

The Historic Roots of the Problem

The Historic Roots of the Problem

Chapter:
(p.6) (p.7) One The Historic Roots of the Problem
Source:
India and Pakistan
Author(s):

Stanley Wolpert

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0002

India and Pakistan were born to conflict generated by the Partition of British India in August 1947. Britain's last viceroy, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, who had little understanding of India, foolishly halved the timetable allotted to him by British Prime Minister Clement Attlee's Labour cabinet to try to resolve the conflicts that divided India's political leaders and to get them to agree to form a single federal dominion of independent India. Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, the leaders of the Indian National Congress party, had always wanted such a federal union. Since 1940, however, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his Muslim League had demanded an independent Pakistan, whose Muslims would have their own government rather than remaining subordinate to India's Hindu majority. A British lawyer, Cyril Radcliffe, who had never before set foot on Indian soil, presided over the partition of British India's two largest multicultural provinces, Punjab and Bengal. Two months after winning their precious freedom, India and Pakistan embarked on their first war, over the former state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Keywords:   India, Pakistan, Partition, Kashmir, conflict, Jammu, Britain, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Muslims, Cyril Radcliffe

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.