Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
India and PakistanContinued Conflict or Cooperation?$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Stanley Wolpert

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520266773

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520266773.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

The First Indo-Pakistani War

The First Indo-Pakistani War

Chapter:
(p.18) Two The First Indo-Pakistani War
Source:
India and Pakistan
Author(s):

Stanley Wolpert

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0003

In mid-August 1947, Viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten of Britain had no hesitation about leaving the destiny of Kashmir's four million subjects, 77% of whom were Muslims, to the personal choice of Maharaja Hari Singh. Only Hari could not make up his mind, fearing the socialist Jawaharlal Nehru's India almost as much as he did the prospect of joining Muhammad Ali Jinnah's Pakistan. He hoped instead to keep Jammu and Kashmir independent. That dream was never accepted as feasible by either India or Pakistan. By October 1947, two months after Britain withdrew its forces, Muslim peasants in Poonch refused to pay their land taxes to Hindu landlords, whose guards opened fire. The Muslims fled to Pakistan, where tribal frontier Pathans were inflamed by their reports and volunteered to help them liberate Kashmir from the control of the Hindus. India's government in New Delhi responded swiftly to this invasion of Prime Minister Pandit Nehru's “home” state of Kashmir. This was the start of the first war between India and Pakistan.

Keywords:   India, Pakistan, war, Kashmir, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jammu, Muslims, Pathans, Hindus, Muhammad Ali Jinnah

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.