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India and PakistanContinued Conflict or Cooperation?$
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Stanley Wolpert

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520266773

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520266773.001.0001

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The Second Indo-Pakistani War

The Second Indo-Pakistani War

(p.29) Three The Second Indo-Pakistani War
India and Pakistan

Stanley Wolpert

University of California Press

Pakistan's chief of army staff in 1957, General Muhammad Ayub Khan, was furious when India announced that the adoption of Jammu and Kashmir's new constitution made that state an integral part of the Indian Union. Ayub hoped to reach some agreement with Jawaharlal Nehru on Kashmir, and proposed to fly to India himself, but Nehru rejected the offer, viewing Ayub as a mere “lackey” of Washington, as well as the usurper of Pakistani civil power. After that, Ayub left the issue of Kashmir in the hands of his young foreign minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who engaged India's foreign minister, Swaran Singh, in six months of futile talks, seeking in vain to resolve their dispute over Kashmir. In April 1965, Pakistani patrols opened fire on several Indian border guards at Sardar in the Rann, triggering responding fire. Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri accused Pakistan of invading Kashmir, and vowed that such aggression against his country would never be allowed to succeed. The second Indo-Pakistani war has begun.

Keywords:   India, Pakistan, war, Kashmir, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jammu, Muhammad Ayub Khan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Swaran Singh, Lal Bahadur Shastri

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