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India and PakistanContinued Conflict or Cooperation?$
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Stanley Wolpert

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520266773

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520266773.001.0001

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Afghanistan's Impact on Indo-Pakistani Relations

Afghanistan's Impact on Indo-Pakistani Relations

Chapter:
(p.54) Six Afghanistan's Impact on Indo-Pakistani Relations
Source:
India and Pakistan
Author(s):

Stanley Wolpert

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0007

Soviet tanks and troops moved into Kabul at the end of 1979, installing their puppet Amir Babrak Karmal as Pakistan's nominal ruler. This alarmed both Pakistan and the United States. India's reaction to the Soviet Union's move was ambivalent, not only because Indira Gandhi had just recently signed her treaty of friendship with Moscow, but also since Pakistan's Muhammad Zia ul-Haq was so aggressively a fundamentalist Muslim, eager to arm and support thousands of Pathan mujahideen (jihadist) guerrillas. Four years before Benazir Bhutto's rise to premier power, Gandhi was assassinated in her own garden by two of her trusted Sikh bodyguards. The outpouring of nationwide sympathy following Indira's death assured the Congress Party, led by Indira's son Rajiv, its strongest historic victory. In 1991, Rajiv Gandhi himself was assassinated by a Tamil Tiger terrorist woman while campaigning near Madras. Benazir Bhutto was eventually replaced by Nawaz Sharif, who strongly supported Taliban forces in Afghanistan.

Keywords:   Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, United States, Muhammad Zia ul-Haq, Taliban, Benazir Bhutto, Rajiv Gandhi, Nawaz Sharif

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