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Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea OttersIntegrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific$
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Todd Braje

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520267268

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520267268.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 20 October 2019

Resilience and Reorganization

Resilience and Reorganization

Archaeology and Historical Ecology of California Channel Island Marine Mammals

(p.272) (p.273) 12 Resilience and Reorganization
Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters

Todd J. Braje

Torben C. Rick

Robert L. DeLong

Jon M. Erlandson

University of California Press

California's Channel Islands currently shelter more than 200,000 pinnipeds of six different species, and more than a dozen large and small cetacean species also swim through or are seasonally resident in island waters. This chapter explores the archaeology and historical ecology of California Channel Island marine mammals and analyzes the available historical and archaeological evidence for marine mammal hunting in the area. It also draws on archaeological, historical, and ecological data to examine the resilience and reorganization of marine mammal populations on Channel Islands over the past 12,000 years. It summarizes key aspects of the natural history of those North Pacific marine mammals that reside in or visit southern California waters today and were the target of ancient Native hunters and scavengers in the past. After a brief summary of modern marine mammal behavior, natural history, and distribution in the Santa Barbara Bight, the chapter synthesizes the archaeological record of island marine mammal hunting.

Keywords:   California, Channel Islands, pinnipeds, marine mammals, hunting, archaeology, historical ecology, resilience, reorganization, natural history

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