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Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea OttersIntegrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific$
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Todd Braje

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520267268

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520267268.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 06 June 2020

Native American Use of Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters in Estuaries of Northern Oregon and Southern Washington

Native American Use of Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters in Estuaries of Northern Oregon and Southern Washington

Chapter:
(p.167) 8 Native American Use of Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters in Estuaries of Northern Oregon and Southern Washington
Source:
Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters
Author(s):

Madonna L. Moss

Robert J. Losev

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0008

Over the last twenty-five years, archaeologists have compiled a substantial zooarchaeological record of pinnipeds on the Washington, Oregon, and California coasts. Archaeological studies have also shown that patterns of pinniped species abundance and distribution in the late twentieth century do not necessarily reflect conditions in the ancient past, while recent biological studies demonstrate range expansion of some species subsequent to the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972. Archaeologists disagree over what the zooarchaeological record reveals about Native American hunting during pre-contact times. Did pinnipeds regularly use mainland breeding areas prior to human use? Did Native Americans club pinnipeds on their terrestrial breeding areas or use watercraft and specialized technologies to hunt at sea? Did Native American hunting cause changes in pinniped or sea otter behavior and migration patterns? This chapter explores Native American use of seals, sea lions, and sea otters in the estuaries of northern Oregon and southern Washington.

Keywords:   Native Americans, seals, sea lions, sea otters, estuaries, Oregon, Washington, hunting, pinnipeds, breeding

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