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Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes$
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James Albert

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520268685

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520268685.001.0001

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Continental-Scale Tectonic Controls of Biogeography and Ecology

Continental-Scale Tectonic Controls of Biogeography and Ecology

(p.145) Nine Continental-Scale Tectonic Controls of Biogeography and Ecology
Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Flávio C. T. Lima

Alexandre C. Ribeiro

University of California Press

This chapter investigates the role of substrate geology and river basin geomorphology in the formation of the fauna in South America. It suggests that the major biogeographic patterns was influenced by the granitic Guiana and Brazilian shields, the foreland sedimentary basins of the western Amazon and the intracratonic sedimentary basins along the Amazon fault system. It argues against the use of areas of endemism in biogeographic analyses and highlights the composite nature of regional fish species assemblages.

Keywords:   substrate geology, river basin, geomorphology, fauna, South America, biogeographic patterns, intracratonic sedimentary basins, Amazon fault system, fish species, endemism

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