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Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages – Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology - California Scholarship Online
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Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Timothy Kohler and Mark Varien

Abstract

Ancestral Pueblo farmersexpanded into the deep, productive, well-watered soils of the central Mesa Verde region of southwestern Colorado around AD 600, and within two centuries built some of the largest villages known up to that time in the American Southwest. But only one hundred years later, those villages were empty, and most of the people had gone. This cycle repeated itself, though with many more people, from the mid-AD 1000s until1280, when Pueblo farmers left the entire northern Southwestpermanently. Our interdisciplinary team examines how climate change, population size, conflict, reso ... More

Keywords: Neolithic, Southwest, Prehispanic Pueblo, Ancestral Pueblo, Anasazi, agent-based modeling, archaeology, southwestern Colorado, village formation, migration, Village Ecodynamics Project, interdisciplinary research, biocomplexity, Coupled Natural-Human Systems

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780520270145
Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520270145.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Timothy Kohler, editor

Mark Varien, editor

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Contents

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Two The Study Area and the Ancestral Pueblo Occupation

Scott G. Ortman, Donna M. Glowacki, Mark D. Varien, and C. David Johnson

Four Simulation Model Overview

Timothy A. Kohler

Seven Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use

C. David Johnson, and Timothy A. Kohler

Eight Supply, Demand, Return Rates, and Resource Depression

Jason A. Cowan, Timothy A. Kohler, C. David Johnson, Kevin Cooper, and R. Kyle Bocinsky

Nine How Hunting Changes the VEP World, and How the VEP World Changes Hunting

R. Kyle Bocinsky, Jason A. Cowan, Timothy A. Kohler, and C. David Johnson

Ten Exercising the Model

Timothy A. Kohler, R. Kyle Bocinsky, Stefani Crabtree, and Ben Ford