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Emergence and Collapse of Early VillagesModels of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology$
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Timothy Kohler and Mark Varien

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520270145

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520270145.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 28 March 2020

Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use

Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use

Chapter:
(p.113) Seven Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use
Source:
Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages
Author(s):

C. David Johnson

Timothy A. Kohler

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0007

Realistic simulation of long-term household settlement patterns is based on spatially and temporally variable supplies of critical natural resources produced by study-area soils. Annual net primary productivity of native vegetation modulated by variability through time in precipitationprovides the basis for estimating supplies of fuelwood and high-quality animal protein required for successful human habitation in this area. This chapter describes soils in Village Ecodynamics Project study area; the native vegetation they supported; the number of deer, hare, and rabbit supported by the vegetation; and the methods by which agents in the simulation harvest fuelwood. Depletion of readily available fuelwood may have influenced long-term human behaviors related to architectural designs and settlement distributions.

Keywords:   simulation modeling, critical natural resources, soil productivity, household settlement patterns, fuelwood, fuelwood depletion, deer, rabbits, hare, Village Ecodynamics Project

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