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Emergence and Collapse of Early VillagesModels of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology$
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Timothy Kohler and Mark Varien

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520270145

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520270145.001.0001

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Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use

Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use

(p.113) Seven Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use
Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages

C. David Johnson

Timothy A. Kohler

University of California Press

Realistic simulation of long-term household settlement patterns is based on spatially and temporally variable supplies of critical natural resources produced by study-area soils. Annual net primary productivity of native vegetation modulated by variability through time in precipitationprovides the basis for estimating supplies of fuelwood and high-quality animal protein required for successful human habitation in this area. This chapter describes soils in Village Ecodynamics Project study area; the native vegetation they supported; the number of deer, hare, and rabbit supported by the vegetation; and the methods by which agents in the simulation harvest fuelwood. Depletion of readily available fuelwood may have influenced long-term human behaviors related to architectural designs and settlement distributions.

Keywords:   simulation modeling, critical natural resources, soil productivity, household settlement patterns, fuelwood, fuelwood depletion, deer, rabbits, hare, Village Ecodynamics Project

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