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Emergence and Collapse of Early VillagesModels of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology$
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Timothy Kohler and Mark Varien

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520270145

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520270145.001.0001

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How Hunting Changes the VEP World, and How the VEP World Changes Hunting

How Hunting Changes the VEP World, and How the VEP World Changes Hunting

(p.145) Nine How Hunting Changes the VEP World, and How the VEP World Changes Hunting
Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages

R. Kyle Bocinsky

Jason A. Cowan

Timothy A. Kohler

C. David Johnson

University of California Press

We explore how the hunting parameters we vary in the Village simulation affect agent and animal population sizes and hunting return rates. We find that agent populations readily and rapidly deplete deer populations on our simulated landscape under all parameter combinations. Agent populations are consistently lower when agents are required to move to areas where there are local protein resources. Individual protein need is negatively correlated with agent population, while increasing the size of the hunting radius increases agent populations in circumstances in which agents are required to move to areas where hunting can be conducted successfully. The faunal transitions apparent in the northern San Juan archaeological record were plausibly induced by depression of deer populations accompanied by declining return rates for deer hunting.

Keywords:   hunting, simulation, deer, rabbit, hare, return rates, faunal depression, protein, Village Ecodynamics Project

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