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Darkness before DaybreakAfrican Migrants Living on the Margins in Southern Italy Today$
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Hans Lucht

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520270718

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520270718.001.0001

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(p.259) Conclusion
Darkness before Daybreak

Hans Lucht

University of California Press

This concluding chapter looks at the advances made by migrants in Italy. For the migrants who work in the Naples underground economy, it is a hard, risky life that offers certain possibilities and forms of action, though it also means exclusion from participation in many areas of Italian life. Even though the underground economy grossly exploits the West African migrant workers, and often significantly intensifies the precariousness of their situation by subjecting them to dangerous work situations and abuse, the underground economy also provides a source of income, sustaining the migrants as they struggle to gain a foothold in Europe. The remainder of the chapter discusses the concept of existential reciprocity and the fruits of immigration—namely, the rewards that the young men of Senya Beraku, Ghana, continuously risk their lives for.

Keywords:   Italy, illegal migrants, African migrants, Naples, underground economy

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